Liquid Ink

The official website of Gint Aras, Finalist 2016 CWA Book Award

My take on woke culture

The folks at Re-Imagine Magazine were kind enough to publish this essay I wrote about the ways our higher-education system fosters, accelerates but also complicates our abilities to communicate clearly about the issues we find meaningful.

Click here to check it out.

Find the Bigotry

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The next threat to American Educators: Murder


What’s a good way to keep an educator from provoking a group of young people to think about a point of view that’s unwelcome, unusual or foreign to them?

How could we limit the capacity of a critical thinker to urge youth to explore ideas?

Is there a way an institution of higher education could censor its staff with a high rate of efficiency?

Might it be possible to dissuade a professor from encouraging youth to live an examined life, to urge them toward inquiring whether the ideas they grew up with, the assumptions of their society make sense?

How can we further lower morale among faculty members while further raising it among top-level administrators, particularly those who rarely see or work with actual students, and in some cases earn 15 or 20 times the amount of the lowest paid adjuncts?


Threaten faculty with death.

Capture So, it’s not enough to pay your instructors slave wages. It’s not enough to flock them into meetings where overpaid top-level administrators present grids and graphs to highlight just how little money there is for instruction, faculty development or recruitment of talent for the faculty pool. We must also now face the possibility that students will kill us for doing our jobs.

In the meantime, the colleges shrug this off. What can the oligarchs of the American educational system do against the law of the land? They’d better warn the faculty to tread carefully. That, or as the Onion suggests, keep a gun pointed at the students at all times.

Image lifted from GunFreeUT

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How many sentences should a paragraph have?

After a decade of teaching in a community college, I’ve finally figured something out. It’s an indictment that it has taken this long, so I’ll take my licks.

There seems to be someone out in the world who is teaching young writers that paragraphs should have 6-8 sentences, and that those sentences should consist of about 8-12 words. Given these requirements, a page ends up consisting of about five paragraphs, just perfect for the five paragraph essay, a stack of neat little boxes all about the same shape and size.

This is baffling. Where did this idea originate? I’m sincerely curious. How can anyone who has ever read even a dozen newspaper articles or a couple of novels conclude that all paragraphs have 6-8 sentences, each composed of 8-12 words?

I don’t even know if I’d be able to write a paragraph like that. Let’s try it.

Belly button lint occurs when small bits of clothing end up trapped in one’s belly button. (fuck, too many words)


Fuzz trapped in one’s belly button is known as belly button lint. This stuff can really be annoying to people of any social class. It will be made of the material one wears. When this material rubs against our skin, small bits fall off. Sometimes it ends up in our belly button. It doesn’t matter if you’re rich or poor. Belly button lint does not discriminate or judge. If you think otherwise, you’re among the misinformed.

That’s the worst piece of crap I’ve ever written. And it broke my head. If I had to write an entire essay by following these guidelines, I’d probably hate writing, especially if someone gave me a topic like “recycling”.


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Independence is a myth (part 2, the expanded version)

I’ve written about this topic before, as long-time readers of my blog will know. This week’s True Community article deals with the myth of independence. Any basic look at human interaction makes it clear that we are interdependent, and that our fate and lot is determined not just by the actions of neighbors but by people who’ve long since died. Why does that offend us? Why are we so reluctant to think of ourselves as members of systems instead of islands.

I hope you enjoy tonight’s article.

Here’s another bit on the same topic from 2012, titled The Pre-Birth Menu.

Three Lamps


Advice for high school graduates ready for college

Congrats! You know by now that you’re going to graduate from high school in only a few weeks, and you know you’re going to college in the autumn. I really do envy you. One of the greatest moments of my life was finding that I belonged in college, and each year when the leaves start changing color I feel nostalgia for my Urbana afternoons.

Perhaps you’ve gotten into your dream school. That’s fantastic. But if you’re like I was, you’ll end up at a safety school. You might feel that a dream has been shattered or that you’ve let yourself down. Feel this if you must, but know that you’re being unfair. If you’re planning on graduating from college, this is just the beginning, and you don’t really know much about college yet. Even if your parents or siblings are college graduates, there’s little they can predict about how much you’ll change in only the first year.

No matter how much you learn about schools, how many campus visits you make or how many current students you speak to, you won’t ever know the whole picture of a school. How you attend the college where you end up is much more important than which college you attend. There’s an art to being a student.

Unfortunately, our current high school system has constraints that keep it from teaching this art. Even high schools of repute produce graduates who have completely false assumptions about college and the role of a thinking person. I hope you’ll consider these points I want to make. They’re meant to lend you a head start and an advantage.

Here are things you should know:

1.)    Boredom is a choice

Imagine you are in a forest. Now imagine you find yourself bored in the forest. You have “nothing to do” and there’s “nothing interesting” because “nothing’s engaging you”. If you’re American, you’ve been taught to blame someone for this. This is actually a serious problem: anytime we feel something negative, we assess blame; and boredom, we learn, is negative. In order to consider ourselves alive, we need to feel very interested while we avoid all negative emotions. For the sake of an example, let’s accept this position blindly. Who or what is then to blame for our boredom?

We cannot possibly blame the forest. Which part of the forest? The whole forest? The birds and insects, fungi and moss? You’re kidding! The forest is endlessly fascinating, so fascinating that a person with natural curiosity—for example, a three year-old—will explore the place with gusto. Every blade of grass has a fluid pumping system inside it. If you bring your microscope, you’ll find a hidden universe. You’re bored?

In college you will meet people fascinated by everything from blades of grass to cloud formations, building materials to roofing systems, the properties of light and the nature of darkness. Fascination is nothing—I have met people in college obsessed with Hebrew syntax and the bacteria in carpeting.

Your professor’s job will not be to entertain you. Instead s/he will take you out into the forest. The most daring professor will simply leave you there and, after some time has passed, ask you what you learned from the trip.

Perhaps you believe that boredom is not a choice. It’s simply something that happens to certain people. I won’t argue with you, but I’ll present the consequences of your idea. If boredom is someone’s natural condition, it means that person lacks the capacity to become fascinated. To say it another way: if somene’s powerless against their boredom, and they’re paying tuition to attend college, they’re probably masochists. It can’t be that they’re fascinated by boredom, can it?

2.)    You cannot perceive the world

Not completely, and certainly not absolutely. The reason for this is because you have a mind, and your mind is simply watching itself in action. To realize how the mind works is to have it blown. It’s liberating.

Let’s use a simple example.

Imagine you are in the high school parking lot. You notice a stone. There it is. How boring. A stone. The next moment you’re texting your friends. How fascinating! Texts!

What have you perceived? Sure, the stone and texts are there. But you haven’t learned much about them. The stone isn’t boring; you are bored. Text messages aren’t fascinating; you are fascinated. You cannot conclude that a stone is boring and a text fascinating because you find stones boring and texts fascinating. The stones and texts did nothing. You did everything by yourself.

Every single perception is a test, a measure of and insight to the mind. If you conclude that things are true, false, good or bad because they seem that way to you, you make a terrible mistake. You become a tyrant imposing your perceptions onto the world and you’re blind to your own confusion. It becomes very difficult to learn the most important lesson: we come to new things from positions of ignorance.

3.)    College professors are ignorant

Are you shocked? Insulted?

College isn’t for the omniscient. It’s for the ignorant: the person who accepts that s/he has an enormous amount to learn. College students and college teachers know that they do not know everything, just as they know that they will never learn everything. They will always be ignorant of something.

You have probably met people yourself who believe they know something and are very passionate about it. You cannot change their minds even if you show them their contradictions. They’re not ignorant, or so they think. It’s impossible for them to learn.

Ironically, when we know we’re ignorant, as toddlers do, we’re rarely bored. The person who knows everything and has nothing to learn is so bored, and so stubborn about remaining bored, that we can barely stand a conversation with them. These people never ask questions but have loads of answers. “The only thing that matters,” they say, “is that you try your best.” They think they deserve something from the world because they find life “difficult”. They believe human experience leads to a series of punishments and rewards.

4.)    College neither punishes nor rewards

I encounter students every semester who feel they should receive a decent grade simply because they completed an assignment. “I worked hard on this and you’re punishing me.”

Hard work and grades are only vaguely related to each other. I know talented students who glance at the diagrams of the human anatomy a few times and have them memorized. On the exam, they’re tested to see how well they remember the anatomy. They’re not rewarded for remembering. Exams are evaluations of performance and ability. Are all tests perfect? Not at all. If performance is difficult to measure, effort is impossible.

Sometimes it takes enormous effort for us to perform, but other times we simply have to show up. Most of us need to put in an effort to perform, but effort is not the same as performance, so the college doesn’t measure it. “The only thing that matters is that you try your best,” is true on a personal level, maybe. But if I’m training nurses and find they can’t tell the difference between .005 and .05 (between a quantity of medicine that heals and a quantity that poisons), I don’t care how hard they tried. I’m not sending them to treat patients.

Ironically, the students who require the least amount of effort on individual assignments are often those who’ve put in the effort away from school to develop good learning habits. I watch them in cafeterias and libraries on their free time. Instead of sitting around bored because no one’s engaging them, they talk to classmates about what they’ve learned. When they’re alone, they’re often reading.

5.)    You don’t read enough

People who read a lot know this. There’s always another book, another newspaper article, another academic journal that we haven’t gotten to. People who read very little are often quite satisfied with how much they’ve read. Who is the most satisfied? The person who does not read at all. You know it’s true because they never read. If they were unsatisfied with this, they’d read.

By going to college, you announce that you want to become a problem solver. In order to accomplish this, you need information. You also need to be able to look at a problem from as many different points of view as possible. This means you need to read. You should always be reading something and planning what you’ll read next. Reading is the most efficient way to gather ideas.

6.)    All ideas are suspect

This includes your ideas. All of them.

Everything you’ve ever learned, by reading or by listening to someone, might be wrong. All your beliefs might be nonsense. There are many reasons to suspect this. Most of your ideas were handed down by people; some of them believe in rewards, don’t read enough and are constantly bored. If you don’t investigate who these people are, what they wanted you to understand and why, you don’t understand your ideas. And if you don’t understand them, how do you know they’re correct?

7.)    Your goal is to learn

This might sound obvious. It probably should be. However, I meet students every semester who believe their goal is something completely different. Many of them want to demonstrate what they already know. Some of them have a political axe to grind: they believe, for example, that fast food and obesity are immoral, and every essay they write says absurd things like “Super Size Me proved that America is a corrupt wasteland.” They also believe something’s boring and it makes them angry: “If you don’t make college physics fun, nobody’s gonna take it.” They earn a low grade and complain: “I worked very hard on that paper!”

How open are you to learning? Test yourself. Go out into the high school parking lot and have a look around. It should take you only about thirty seconds to realize that the parking lot is a weird place, full of much more than cars, surrounded by more than a school and a town. Measure your response. Are you bored in the parking lot? Don’t the blades of grass growing in the cracks fascinate you? Wouldn’t it be great to know where asphalt comes from? If these questions don’t arise, you have work to do.

But that’s okay. Become aware of how much there is to learn and embrace this feeling. We’re all ignorant. The style of our ignorance might change over time but it will never go away. Find the confidence to admit this and empower yourself with curiosity. When we lose the need to blame the world for not fascinating us, we become much more fascinating to the world.

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Luck vs. Intelligence, part II

Having reviewed the mid-term essays written by my English 102 sections, I’ve discovered more curious assumptions to add to the previous post. These do modulate from the luck vs. intelligence question. However, they reveal quite a bit about why some students just can’t learn at the college level, in a community college or elsewhere.

(continuing from previous post)

6.) You’re lucky if you make a decision to improve your life. If you choose not to improve your life, it’s because you’re unlucky.

7.) People learn things when you teach them.

8) It is impossible to look at the world from any point of view other than your own.

9) Environments generally adapt to an individual’s needs.

10 [to expand] An individual has no need to adapt to an enviroment and, therefore, should not worry about changing bad habits. People will accept you.

11 No one believes that learning is fun.

12) I am an acceptable representation of most people.

13) I can ignore evidence when it does not fit my beliefs.

14) You should only be taught things you already know (because that makes you more comfortable and improves your grade).

15) It’s always ineffective to teach someone something in a way that makes them uncomfortable and confused.

16) I should not have to search for information on my own. It should be presetned to me so that I could use it to solve a problem.

17) Most employers give you a clear list of instructions and explanations, and there’s always someone at work who knows that the answer is.

The most baffling one for me is #8. There’s evidence everywhere that this is simply absurd, and I’ve been consistently providing the students with data that contradicts that point wildly. Number 9 is a very common belief among students who make no habit of reading. I’d explain #14 by drawing our attention to virtually any politician; however, these students pay virtually no attention to the political process. Those political behaviors, if it isn’t obvious, just reflect our culture.

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Luck vs. Intelligence

I had a curious experience this week at the college. It illuminates assumptions my students have about learning.

I’ve assigned The Big Short to my sections of English 102 (it’s an intro to research class). Most of the students who refused to read it have either dropped the class or no longer attend. The rest, about 60% of the originally registered, fall somewhere between the few students who are able to engage a decent discussion of the material to the rest who find the book impenetrable. That second group really offered me interesting items in recent essays.

I asked a question regarding luck vs. intelligence. Two of the figures in the book (Ledley and Mai), young men who shorted the CDO market in the middle of the last decade, describe themselves as lucky even though they do very intelligent things. They research the markets. They seek the help of folks (whom they perceive to be) more knowledgable than themselves. They actively seek out people who might offer them an opposite point of view to their own and, when they are unable to find any, conclude that they must be right about what they have learned.

Most students considered them to be primarily lucky. They ignored their actions and focussed on their descriptions of themselves. After all, these men must be self-aware. They’re rich!

Students also revealed striking assumptions about how one acquired knowledge. Some of them:

1.) There are two groups of people. One group knows things. The other group does not. If you exist in the second, you cannot move to the first. (This despite all the evidence in the book to the contrary!)

2.) You’re lucky if you know things and unlucky if you don’t.

3.) If you have someone who can help you, you’re lucky. If you ask them for help, you’re even more lucky.

4.) It’s not fraud if it takes someone time to figure out they’ve been tricked. Fraud only occurs when the person who’s been tricked figures it out right away.

5.)It’s normal to get tricked. Therefore, it’s not fraud.

6.) You’re lucky if you make a decision to improve your life. If you choose not to improve your life, it’s because you’re unlucky.

There are others but they’re complicated and would require me to deal too deeply with the reading material here. The ones I’ve listed, I think, are already shocking. While they help me understand why some percentage of my community college students look at learning as a hopeless endeavor, they don’t help me understand how these lessons have been formed. You’d assume students understand that they once did not know how to drive but eventually learned. It had something to do with luck, I suppose—you must, for example, have access to cars and education. But you must still start from a position of ignorance. You were not born knowing how to drive.

The assumption that you’re supposed to have already understood everything when you begin the lesson must come—I’m guessing—from the drill and repeat and review structure of their high school classes. If this is not true, I’m at a total loss. It really pains me to think that students believe they should already know how to do the things their college classes are teaching them and how horrible it must feel when they realize how unlucky they are.